Dr.Ghousia Fatima, Dr.Naveena Thakur, Dr.Roopali Tapashetti & Dr. Neha Bhutani
Introduction:Apple cider vinegar is an ancient folk remedy which has various health benefit. Aim:To evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of Apple cider vinegar on periodontal pathogens. Methodology:The study was conducted on 5 different strains of organisms and 3 groups were made:Group A: Apple cider vinegar, Group B: chlorhexidine (gold standard) GROUP C: normal saline.Apple cider vinegar was used at a concentration of 0.5%, 2.5% and 5% concentration. Reference strains ofA.a, P. gingivalis, P. intermedia, S. mutans and Candida albicans were selected as colonizers in oral microbial flora. Organisms were grown on prefabricated blood agar plates and were incubated in a CO2 jar for 24 hours at 37°C. Inhibition zone diameters were measured. Results: For A.a, ACV at 5% concentration presented a zone of inhibition of 30 mm while chlorhexidine presented 25 mm.At 2.5% concentration of ACV, the zone of inhibition seen was in comparable range with CHX. However, at 0.5% concentration of ACV, Aa was found to be resistant. For candida albicans, 5% concentrations of ACV presented a zone of inhibition of 18mm while chlorhexidine 15mm. P.gingivalis, P.intermedia and S.mutans were more susceptible to chlorhexidine when compared to ACV.For A.a and candida albicans, ACV was significantly more effective than CHX at 5%. Significant difference was seen between all 3 groups at 2.5% and 0.5% concentrations. Conclusion:Apple cider vinegar demonstrated better antimicrobial activity at 5% than chlorhexidine and can therefore become a substitute for chlorhexidine.
Apple Cider Vinegar; Chlorhexidine;Aggregatibacteractinomycetemcomitans; Steptococcusmutans; Candida Albicans; Porphyromonasgingivalis; Prevotella Intermedia.
Please cite this article as:
Dr.Ghousia Fatima, Dr.Naveena Thakur, Dr.Roopali Tapashetti & Dr. Neha Bhutani (2020). Evaluation of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Apple Cider Vinegar on Periodontal Pathogens –An Invitro Study. International Journal of Recent Research and Applied Studies, 7, 10(2), 4-10.