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Effects of Aerobic Exercise Programme on Different Terrains on Blood Pressure and Assertiveness

Abstract:
The purpose of the present study was to find out the effect of aerobic exercise programme on different terrains on blood pressure and assertiveness among middle aged women. For this purpose, thirty middle aged women residing at various places around Chennai city, Tamilnadu, were selected as subjects. The age of the subjects were ranged from 35 to 45 years. They were divided into three equal groups, each group consisted of ten subjects, in which experimental group – I underwent aerobic exercise as brisk walking on beach sand, experimental group – II underwent aerobic exercise as brisk walking on grass and group – III acted as control that did not participate in any special activities apart from their regular day-to-day activities. The training period for the study was five days (Monday to Friday) in a week for twelve weeks. Prior and after the experimental period, the subjects were tested on systolic and diastolic blood pressure and assertiveness. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was assessed by using sphygmomanometer. Assertiveness was tested by Rathu’s Assertiveness Scale. The Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was applied to find out any significant difference between the experimental groups and control group on selected criterion variables. The result of the study shows that the brisk walking on beach sand group and brisk walking on grass group were decreased the blood pressure and assertiveness significantly. It was concluded from the results of the study that brisk walking on beach sand and brisk walking on grass has bring positive changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and assertiveness as compare to the control group. Moreover it was also concluded that there was no significant difference was found between the experimental groups in all criterion variables.

Author Name : S. Selvakumar, Dr. S. Chidambara Raja

Keywords: Brisk walking on beach sand, Brisk walking on grass, blood pressure (systolic and diastolic,) assertiveness, ANCOVA.