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Effects of Physical Exercises and Yogic Practice on Selected Health Related Physical Fitness of Residential College Men Students

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to find out the effects of physical exercises and yogic practice on selected health related physical fitness of residential college men students. To achieve the purpose of the present study, sixty residential college men students from Sri Kaliswari College, Sivakasi, Tamilnadu, India were selected as subjects at random and their ages ranged from 18 to 25 years. The subjects were divided into three equal groups of twenty each. Group I acted as Experimental Group I (Physical Exercise), Group II acted as Experimental Group II (Yogic Practice) Group III acted as Control Group. Pre test was conducted for all the subjects on selected health related physical fitness. This initial test scores formed as pre test scores of the subjects. The groups were assigned as Experimental Group I, Experimental Group II and Control Group in an equivalent manner. Experimental Group I was exposed to physical exercises, Experimental Group II was exposed to yogic practice and Control Group was not exposed to any experimental training other than their regular daily activities. The duration of experimental period was 12 weeks. After the experimental treatment, all the sixty subjects were tested on their health related physical fitness. This final test scores formed as post test scores of the subjects. The pre test and post test scores were subjected to Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) to find out the significance among the mean differences, whenever the ‘F’ ratio for adjusted test was found to be significant, Scheffe’s post hoc test was used. In all cases 0.05 level of significance was fixed to test hypotheses. The physical exercises group showed significant difference on cardio respiratory endurance and muscular strength of residential college men students from their baseline to post training than the other groups.

Author Name : R. Sathish Kumar & Dr. M. Raj Kumar

Keywords: Physical Exercise, Yogic Practice, Cardio Respiratory Endurance, Muscular Strength, Residential.