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Monitoring and Detection of Voltage Stress andFault in Underground Cables using IoT

Author Details

Balamurugan P1, Gowtham T2, Karthikeyan M3, Karthikraja S4

1Assistant Professor, 2,3,4UG Students – Final Year, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Nandha College of Technology, Perundurai, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract

Power transmission and distribution can be done either by overhead lines or power cables. Although overhead lines have been most reliable for many years, the deregulation of the electricity supply markets and growing environmental awareness are creating exciting new markets for power transmission solutions based on underground cable technology. Even though many protection methods for high-voltage cable systems this paper deals with the advanced monitoring and detection of voltage stress in MV or HV Underground cables. This system is implemented with the help of embedded system in which master slave concept.  This paper uses a PIC16F877A micro controller as a master and the sensor network acts as slave. Thus, the master and slave communication can be implemented using i2c protocol. In case any abnormal voltage stress across the UG cable, the corrective action has done in both input and output side by using step-down transformer step up transformer. So that balanced output is maintained in the UG cables.

Keywords:Cable technology, voltage stress in MV or HV, hall sensor.